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Architecture Deconstructing Essay Kimbell Meaning

Flush with the success of Cyberspace: First Steps (I was lecturing everywhere and beginning to tire of the hype), I thought I should turn to the question of value in economic and psychological terms.This had long been an interest of mine. In the early nineties, the internet was growing rapidly and the dot.com boom was well underway. "Everything solid" was indeed "melting into air," and one had to wonder: what had real value? Online or realworld, was money value's most honest measure? And over the long term, what would become of the physical environment, of the face-to-face world?  Would it suffer further neglect, or was it due for celebration, revival?

Formal research for A General Theory of Value began in 1992. Writing began around 1994 with a contract from The University of Chicago Press. By 1999 the manuscript had reached eleven chapters and a thousand pages. In 2000, after a single reader's critical report, Chicago walked away. 'The world' was not ready for a treatise on value quite this ambitious, much less one from 'an architect.' 

I pushed on with a re-write, which is what you see below. I did not again pursue publishing AGTV however, agreeing, I suppose, that the patience for long treatises on the topic of value from writers outside of the canon was gone (if it had ever existed). 

Happily, many parts of AGTV appeared in articles and as lectures, all of which were well received.  In addition, CENTER 10 and 11 (Value, and Value 2) published essays from renowned economists and philosophers—people I had gathered for two symposia in Austin called "The Question of Economic Value"—and two of the essays in them were by yours truly. "Towards a General Theory of Value" was an interview I gave in 2003, still confident about AGTV's imminent appearance as a book.

I should like to thank the Rockefeller Foundation and its Bellagio Center for supporting the writing around that time. I would also like to thank reader-editor-extaordinaire Burt Webb for years of feedback from Seattle, Timothy Parker for his critical editing just down the hall, colleague Michael Oden, economist and planner, for his years of insights and encouragements over coffee across the "drag," and my wife Amelie Benedikt, who, among many things, is a patient listener, ruthless editor, and reliable philosophical guide.

The links below will take you to pdfs of the chapters of A General Theory of Value as I left them in 2002 and 2003.

SYNOPSIS (34 pages)

Chapter One: Information, Complexity, Life (48 pages) (Figures)

Chapter Two: Value in the Largest View: More Life (48 pages) (Figures)

Chapter Three: Some Evidence for Omega (44 pages) (Figures)

Chapter Four: The Economy of Tokens (104 pages) 

Chapter Five: Signs, Self, and Force (29 pages) 

Chapter Six: Needs, Value, and Time (75 pages) (Figures)

Chapter Seven: The Logic of Exchange (79 pages) 

Chapter Eight: The Nature of Markets (62 pages) (Figures)

Chapter Nine: The Meanings of Money (84 pages) (Figures)

Chapter Ten: Progress: Towards a Value Ethics (82 pages) (Figures)

Coda: The Value of Architecture (141 pages) (Figures)


In 2010 I returned to value theory in the context of sustainability and the economic slowdown. Could I summarize AGTV? Extend it? Put it to some use? The result was a paper in The Center for Sustainable Development Working Paper Series entitled"Better Is Better Than More: Complexity, Economic Progress, and Qualitative Growth", with Michael Oden. 

11222 Architectural History and Theory: Critique

Warning: The information on this page is indicative. The subject outline for a particular session, location and mode of offering is the authoritative source of all information about the subject for that offering. Required texts, recommended texts and references in particular are likely to change. Students will be provided with a subject outline once they enrol in the subject.

Subject handbook information prior to 2018 is available in the Archives.

UTS: Design, Architecture and Building: Architecture
Credit points: 6 cp

Subject level:


Result type: Grade and marks

Requisite(s): 11212 Architectural History and Theory: Orientations AND 11216 Architectural History and Theory: Modernity and Modernism
These requisites may not apply to students in certain courses.
There are course requisites for this subject. See access conditions.


Building on the previous history and theory subjects by considering how modernism has become the subject of critique, this subject investigates 11 key networks of the intellectual history of architecture after WWII. Each lecture uses an architectural cultural institution as a trigger to trace the connections between the virtualities (unbuilt projects, population curves, desires), bodies (buildings, peoples, cities), and flows (money, traffic, power) that construct architectural controversies. Themes addressed may include criticism and critical thinking, disciplinarity, the nature and role of theory, the concept of position, postmodernity, deconstruction and literary theory, theories of the image and affect, gender and power relations, race, subjectivity, architecture and fashion, architecture and art, experimental architecture, architecture as critical object, ideology, politics and power, discourse, and framing.

Subject learning objectives (SLOs)

On successful completion of this subject, students should be able to:

1.Discern and evaluate the significance of networks of projects, ideas, protagonists and events and their impact on the bases of the field of architecture.
2.Build upon knowledge of the theoretical and historical contexts to situate these networks of projects, ideas, protagonists and events in a lineage of architectural discourse.
3.Clearly develop and state an argument with an understanding of how presentation formats can shape and inform the message.
4.Understand how to research and make selective choices about the cultural documents selected to support research arguments.
5.Participate in a course structure that fosters participation, collaboration and active debate, in both active lectures and tutorial workshop settings.

Course intended learning outcomes (CILOs)

This subject also contributes to the following Course Intended Learning Outcomes:

  • Apply an informed ethical and sustainable attitude to the discipline by positioning work within a broader social context (A.1)
  • Constructively contribute to peer learning by communicating through various modes of oral, written, graphic communication (C.2)
  • Respond to a comprehensive brief within the disciplinary context (P.3)
  • Employ an iterative approach to learning using disciplinary specific research methods (R.1)
  • Source, evaluate and/or utilise accepted, disciplinary specific, academic frameworks (R.2)

Teaching and learning strategies

Weekly small group workshops followed by presentations, on average 3 hours per week.

The subject is structured around the construction of maps of Architectural Cultural Institutions. In the initial 1-3 weeks, students will individually explore an Architectural Cultural Institution of their choice through collecting, evaluating and reconstructing the biography of their main characters. For the next 8 weeks, groups of students working on the same institution will negotiate their individual take to draft a map collectively. Then each day a presentation will outline an historically meaningful example of Architectural Cultural Institution. During workshops students will complete assigned and further reading in relation to the topic, and will present their ongoing research. The workshop sessions will also become working sessions during the lead up to the assignments in which the students will review each other’s work in teams as well as speak with the tutor about their project development.


The course embraces studio environment as the ideal space for learning about History and Theory of Architecture and places the workshop at its core. The learning experiences of the subject extends beyond the typical scholarly paper common to a history-theory subject. Using different textual and graphic forms, learning activities approach critical analysis and evaluation, and the associated acts of remembering and understanding, through a creative lens.

Every week workshops will precede the presentation in the lecture hall. Using specified online resources, the studio-tutorials will discuss weekly topics as a way to prepare students for this presentation. To encourage active participation in the presentation, the students will prepare a series of micro exercises including “Mandatory Questions,” “Tutors on Stage,” “Representatives Debate,” “Ask a Scholar” and “Elevator-Pitch” as described in the subject handbook. These will be used to be inform class discussion during the presentation. Online resources that range from scholarly texts to journalistic pieces, films and TV shows reviewed in each workshop session are provided to the students a few days in advance to encourage active engagement.


Collaborative peer learning enhances learning. Students are encouraged to work in research clusters throughout the whole semester.


Alongside the lectures and tutorials a significant aspect of the learning strategy involves online engagement. A detailed overview of the pedagogy and associated tasks and assessment items are included in the Subject Handbook. The readings and discussion forums will be hosted on UTS Online. The students will find online media content, readings and discussions with tutors and peers that will run outside of class hours. Students are encouraged to participate with the critique and commentary of their peers work alongside the online feedback of the supervising tutor.


The class structure provides several opportunities for feedback:

1. All assignments are graded in the Re:View site where the tutors give formal feedback and indicative grades. This site also allows students to self mark.

2. Verbal feedback is provided by tutors and peer-peer in the tutorial sessions for in-class presentations and work-sessions.

3. The UTS Online forum will allow the students to engage with the work of their peers and the tutors, and can be seen as a further opportunity for informal feedback.

Content (topics)

Themes addressed in this subject may include: criticism and critical thinking; disciplinarity; the nature and role of theory, the concept of position, postmodernity; deconstruction and literary theory; theories of the image and affect; gender and power relations; race; subjectivity; architecture and fashion; architecture and art; experimental architecture; architecture as critical object; ideology, politics and power; discourse; framing; and others.

Attendance pattern: one hour workshop/tutorial followed by two hour presentation in lecture hall


Assessment task 1: Individual written essay based on set readings and specific issues


Obituary, this task is aimed to develop your analytical and writing skills as a researcher


This task addresses the following subject learning objectives:

1, 2, 3 and 4

This task also addresses the following course intended learning outcomes that are linked with a code to indicate one of the five CAPRI graduate attribute categories (e.g. C.1, A.3, P.4, etc.):

A.1, C.2, R.1 and R.2

Weight: 20%

Word count depends on chosen character, though no more than 750 words

Criteria linkages:
CriteriaWeight (%)SLOsCILOs
Responsibility towards Production of Knowledge251 C.2
References Management and Issues of Authorship252 A.1
Ability to Communicate and Transfer information253 R.1
Methodological Approach to a given Research Topic254 R.2

SLOs: subject learning objectives
CILOs: course intended learning outcomes

Assessment task 2: Group Presentation of collaborative research work


This task is aimed to develop your understanding of relational history and how it is produced collectibly

This task addresses the following subject learning objectives:

1, 2, 4 and 5

This task also addresses the following course intended learning outcomes that are linked with a code to indicate one of the five CAPRI graduate attribute categories (e.g. C.1, A.3, P.4, etc.): A.2, C.1, C.2, R.1 and R.2


This task addresses the following subject learning objectives:

1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

This task also addresses the following course intended learning outcomes that are linked with a code to indicate one of the five CAPRI graduate attribute categories (e.g. C.1, A.3, P.4, etc.):

.3, A.1, P.3, R.1 and R.2

Groupwork:Group, group assessed
Weight: 30%
Criteria linkages:
CriteriaWeight (%)SLOsCILOs
Responsibility towards the Production of Knowledge201 A.1
Commitment to Disciplinary Knowledge202 P.3
Development of Excellence in Graphic Quality203 R.1
Exploration of Innovative Research Methodology204 R.2
Development of Collaborative Teamwork Skills205 .3

SLOs: subject learning objectives
CILOs: course intended learning outcomes

Required texts

Full details of all REQUIRED readings are indicated under 'Content' above, and will be provided in the subject documentation.

All such readings will be available digitally via e-readings in the UTS Library.

Recommended texts

Reference Bibliography

Forty, Adrian. Words and Buildings: Avocabulary of Modern Architecture (London: Thames & Hudson, 2000) – 720.108 FORT

Jencks, Charles. Theories and manifestoes of contemporary architecture (Chichester: Wiley-Academy, c2006.) - 724.6 JENR (ED.2)

Hays, K. Michael. Ed., Architecture theory since 1968 (Cambridge, Mass : The MIT Press, c1998.) - 724.6 HAYK

Ockman, Joan., Eigen, Edwar., Architecture culture, 1943-1968 : a documentary anthology (New York: Columbia University Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation: Rizzoli, 1993) - 724.6 OCKM

2. CIAM (1959)

Main Bibliographic References

Avermaete, Tom. Another Modern: The Post-War Architecture and Urbanism of Candilis-Josic-Woods. (Rotterdam: NAi, c2005.)

Risselada, M. and D. van den Heuvel, eds. Team 10 1953-81, in search of a Utopia of the present. (Rotterdam: NAi Publishers, 2005.) - 720.922 RISS

Suggested Bibliography

Candilis, Georges, Planning and Design for Leisure, (Stuttgart: Karl Kramer Verlag, 1975.)

- Bâtir la Vie. (Paris: Éditions Stock, 1977.)

Candilis, Georges, A. Josic, S. Woods. Candilis Josic Woods. A decade of Architecture and Urban Design, trilingual ed. (Stuttgart: Karl Kramer Verlag, 1968.)

- Toulouse le Mirail: The Birth of a New Town, trilingual ed. (Stuttgart: Karl Kramer Verlag, 1975.)

Lefebvre, Henri. Critique of everyday life. (London, New York: Verso, 1991.) - 194 LEFE [1]

- The Production of Space. (Oxford: Blackwell, 1991.) - 114 LEFE

Massey, Anne., The Independent Group : modernism and mass culture in Britain, 1945-59 (New York : Manchester University Press, 1995) - 709.41 MASS

Pedret, Annie, Team 10: an archival history, (New York : Routledge, 2012)

Robbins, David ed., The Independent Group: Postwar Britain and the Aesthetics of Plenty (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1990)

Smithson, Alison, ed., Team 10 Primer. Cambridge, (Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1968.) - 720.9/42

- Team 10 Meetings 1953-1984. (New York: Rizzoli, 1991.) - 709.41 MASS

This is Tomorrow Exhibition Catalogue Facsimile (London: Whitechapel Gallery 2010) -

Woods, Shadrach. What U Can Do, Architecture collection at Rice University n. 27 ( Houston: Rice University, 1970.)

- The Man in the Street: A Polemic on Urbanism. (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1975.) - 307.76 WOOD

3. Ecole des Beaux-Arts (1968)

Main Bibliographic References

Buckley, Craig, Violeau, Jean-Luis, Utopie: Text and Projects 1967-1978 (Los Angeles, Calif. : Semiotext(e) 2011)- 720.922443 UTOP

Pawley, M. and Tschumi, B., “The ‘Beaux Arts’ since ’68,” in Architectural Design, September 1971.- 720.5 13 [55:7/8]

Knabb, Ken. Situationist International Anthology. (Berkeley, CA: Bureau of Public Secrets, 1981), - 303.484 KNAB

Virilio, Paul. Architecture Principe 1966 and 1996 (Besancon: Les Editions de l'Imprimeur, 1997.) - 720.1 VIRI

Suggested Bibliography

Andreotti, Libero. Costa, Xavier. Situationists: art, politics, urbanism. (Barcelona : Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona, 1996.) - 700.411 ANDR

Baudrillard, Jean. Utopia Deferred: Writings on Utopie. (New York: Semiotext(e), 2006.) - 944.0837 BAUD

Debord, Guy. Society of the Spectacle (Detroit: Black & Red, 1977.) - 302 DEBO (1977.ED)

Egbert, Donald Drew. The Beaux-Arts tradition in French architecture. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980) - 720.944/14

Huizinga, Johan. Homo ludens: a study of the play element in culture (London: Maurice Temple Smith Ltd., 1970) - 901/88

Violeau, Jean-Luis. Les Architectes et mai 68. Paris: Editions Recherches, 2005.

Virilio, Paul. Bunker archaeology, (New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1994)

Wigley, Mark., The Activist Drawing : Retracing Situationist Architectures from Constant's New Babylon to beyond, (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2001.) - 720.2222 ZEGH

- Constant's New Babylon : the hyper-architecture of desire. (Rotterdam: Witte de With, center for contemporary art, 1998.) - 711.4 CONC

4. AA - Architectural Association (1963-1973)

Main Bibliographic References

Archigram. Archigram (London: Studio Vista, 1972) - 720.942/45

The Archigram Archival Project - http://archigram.westminster.ac.uk/

Buckley, Craig. Colomina, Beatriz. Grau, Urtzi. Clip, stamp, fold : the radical architecture of little magazines, 196X to 197X (Barcelona: ACTAR, 2010) - 724.6 COLO

Gowan, James ed. A continuing experiment : learning and teaching at the Architectural Association (London: Architectural Press, 1975) - 720.71142142/1

Suggested Bibliography

Banham, Reyner. Megastructure : urban futures of the recent past. (London: Thames and Hudson, 1976) - 720/13

- Design by Choice. (London: Academy Editions, 1981) - 721/47

Hardingham, Samantha. Cedric Price : Potteries Thinkbelt / Samantha Hardingham and Kester Rattenbury. (Abingdon ; New York : Routledge, 2007.)

Mathews, Stanley From agit-prop to free space: the architecture of Cedric Price (London : Black Dog Pub. Ltd. 2007) - 720.92 PRIM

McLuhan, Marshall. The medium is the massage (New York: Bantam, c1967.) - 302.23 MCLU

Price, Cedric. Cedric Price Opera (Chichester : Wiley-Academy, 2003.)

- Cedric Price : the square book. (Chichester : Wiley-Academy, 2003.) - 720.922 PRIC

Rattenbury, Kester. Richard Rogers : the Pompidou Centre. (Abingdon: Routledge, 2012.)

Sadler, Simon. Archigram architecture without architecture. (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2005) - 720.922 SADL

5. Global Tools (1973-1975)

Main Bibliographic References

Ambasz, Emilio Italy : the new domestic landscape ; achievements and problems of Italian design, (New York: MoMA, 1972) - 745.20945/1

Branzi, Andrea. No-Stop City, Archizoom Associati (Orléans: HYX, 2006)

Buckley, Craig. Colomina, Beatriz. Grau, Urtzi. Clip, stamp, fold : the radical architecture of little magazines, 196X to 197X (Barcelona: ACTAR, 2010) - 724.6 COLO

Suggested Bibliography

Architecture radicale (Orle?ans: HYX, c2001)

Byvanck, Valentijn. Ed. Superstudio : the Middelburg Lectures (De Vleeshal: Zeeuws Museum, 2005)

Coles, Alex. Rossi, Catharine. Eds. The Italian avant-garde, 1968-1976 (Berlin : Sternberg Press, 2013.)

Lang, Peter. Menking, William. Superstudio : life without objects (Milan: Skira 2003)

Navene, Paola. Architettura radicale (Segrate : G. Milani, 1974.)

Van Schaik, Martin. Ma?c?el, Otakar. Ed. Exit Utopia : architectural provocations, 1956-1976 (New York : Prestel, 2004)

6. IUAV - Istituto Universitario di Architettura di Venezia (1968-1980)

Main Bibliographic References

Aureli, Pier Vittorio. The project of autonomy: politics and architecture within and against capitalism (New York: Princeton Architectural Press, c2008) - 724.6 AURE

Rossi, Aldo. The architecture of the city (Cambridge, Mass : MIT Press, 1982) - 711.4/90

Tafuri, Manfredo. Architecture and utopia : design and capitalist development (Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, 1992) - 720.9 TAFU - 720.9 TAFU

Suggested Bibliography

Ciucci, Giorgio. The American city: from the Civil War to the New Deal (Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, c1979) - 711.40973/7

Cohen, Jean-Louis URSS, 1917-1978 : la ville, l'architecture = URSS, 1917-1978 : la citta?, l'architettura (Paris : L'E?querre ; Roma : Officina Edizioni, c1979)

Lotringer, Sylve?re. Marazzi, Christian Ed. Autonomia : post-political politics (Los Angeles, CA : Semiotext(e): 2007)

Rossi, Aldo. A scientific autobiography (Cambridge, Mass : MIT Press, 1981) - 720.92 ROSS

Tafuri, Manfredo. The sphere and the labyrinth : avant-gardes and architecture from Piranesi to the 1970s (Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, c1987) - 724/20

- Theories and history of architecture (London ; New York : Granada, 1980) - 720.1 TAFU

- Vittorio Gregotti, buildings and projects (New York : Rizzoli, 1982)

- Vienna rossa : la politica residenziale nella Vienna socialista, 1919-1933 (Milano : Electa, 1980.)

Foucault, Michel. Discipline and punish the birth of the prison (New York : Vintage Books, 1979.) - 364.60944 FOUC0

7. IAUS - Institute of Architecture and Urban Studies (1967-1984)

Main Bibliographic References

Eisenman, Peter. Eisenman inside out : selected writings, 1963-1988 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004) – 720 EISN

Five architects : Eisenman, Graves, Gwathmey, Hejduk, Meier (New York : Oxford University Press, 1975.) - 728.3 FIVE

Hays, K. Michael. Ed. Oppositions reader : selected readings from a journal for ideas and criticism in architecture, 1973-1984 (New York : Princeton Architectural Press, 1998.) - 724.6 HAYS

Suggested Bibliography

Education of an architect: a point of view, the Cooper Union School of Art & Architecture (New York : Monacelli Press, 1999.) - 720.74 FRAN

Eisenman, Peter. Houses of Cards (New York : Oxford University Press, 1987) - 720.92/EIS/1

Foster, Hal "What’s Neo about the Neo-Avant-Garde?" in October Vol 70 Autumn 1994

Hejduk, John. Victims: a work (London : Architectural Association, 1986.) –

Martin, Reinhold Utopia's ghost : architecture and postmodernism, again (Minneapolis : University of Minnesota Press, c2010) - 724.6 MARI

Rowe, Colin. The mathematics of the ideal villa, and other essays (Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, c1976) - 720.8 ROWE

Tafuri, Manfredo. “l'Architecture Dans Le Boudoir The Language of criticism and the criticism of language” in Hays, K. Michael. Ed. Architecture theory since 1968 (Cambridge, Mass : The MIT Press, c1998.) - 724.6 HAYK

Saussure, Ferdinand. Course in general linguistics (New York : McGraw-Hill, 1966) - 410 SAUS

8. Learning from Las vegas (1968-1973)

Main Bibliographic References

Banham, Reyner. Los Angeles : the architecture of four ecologies (Harmondsworth, Eng. : Penguin, 1973)- 720.979494 BANH

Venturi, Robert. Izenour, Steven. Scott Brown, Denise. Learning from Las Vegas : the forgotten symbolism of architectural form (Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, 1972) - 720.979313/1

Suggested Bibliography

Banham, Reyner. The architecture of the well-tempered environment (Sydney : Steensen Varming, 2008.) - 720.47 BANH (2008.ED)

Fischli, Peter. Stadler, Hilar. Stierli, Martino, Las Vegas studio : images from the archives of Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown (Zürich : Scheidegger & Spiess, c2008.) - 720.922 STAD

Rattenbury, Kester. Hardingham, Samantha. Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown : learning from Las Vegas (Abingdon: Routledge, 2007.) - 720.922 VENR

Ruscha, Ed. Twenty-six gasoline stations (Los Angeles: E. Ruscha, 1963)

- Some Los Angeles Apartments(Los Angeles: E. Ruscha, 1965)

- Every Building on the Sunset Strip (Los Angeles: E. Ruscha, 1966)

- Twenty-four Parking Lots (Los Angeles: E. Ruscha, 1967)

Thompson, Hunter S. Fear and loathing in Las Vegas: a savage journey to the heart of the American dream (London: Paladin ; Flamingo, 1972) - 813.5 THOF

Venturi, Robert. A view from the Campidoglio : selected essays, 1953-1984 (New York : Harper & Row, c1984.) - 724.6 VENR

- Complexity and contradiction in architecture (London : Architectural Press, 1977) - 720.1 VENR

Wolfe , Tom. The Kandy- Kolored Tangerine-Flake Streamline Baby, (London: Picador, 1981) - 814.5/WOL/1

9. Rem Koolhaas, the Office for Metropolitan Architecture, AMO and the Harvard Project on the City (1978-2007)

Main Bibliographic References

Koolhaas, Rem. Delirious New York : a retroactive manifesto for Manhattan (New York : Oxford University Press, 1978.) - 720.97471/1

- Content (Köln : Taschen, 2004.) - 720.103 KOOL

- Great leap forward (Köln : Taschen ; Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard Design School, 2001.) - 728.0951 CHUN

- Harvard Design School guide to shopping (Koln: Taschen ; Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard Design School, 2001.) - 725.21 CHUN

- Small, medium, large, extra-large (New York: Monaccelli Press, 1995.) - 720.904 KOOL

Suggested Bibliography

2x4,It is what it is: Portrait of a studio in 1000 images. (New York: 2x4 Inc, 2009)

Hertweck, Florian. Marot, Sébastien The city in the city: Berlin: a green archipelago (Zürich : Lars Müller Publishers, 2013.) - 711.40943 UNGE

Koolhaas, Rem Post-occupancy (Milan: Domus, 2006) - 724.6 KOOL

- Mutations (Bordeaux : Arc en rêve centre d'architecture ; Barcelona : ACTAR, 2001) - 711.4 KOOL

- Al Manakh (Netherlands : Stichting Archis, c2007.) - 720.95357 BOUM

- Al Manakh 2 : Gulf cont'd (Amsterdam : Stichting Archis, c2010.) - 711.40956 KOOL

Mau, Bruce Life Style (London ; New York : Phaidon, 2005.) - 745.4092 MAUB

- Massive Change (London : Phaidon, 2004.) 745.2 MAUB

Rock, Michael. Multiple signatures: on designers, authors, readers and users (New York : Rizzoli, c2013.) - 741.6 ROCK

10. GSAPP - Graduate School of Architecture Planning and Preservation (1968-2003)

Main Bibliographic References

Tschumi, Bernard. The state of architecture at the beginning of the 21st century (New York: The Monacelli Press, c2003.) - 724.7 TSCU

Walker, Enrique . Tschumi on architecture: conversations with Enrique Walker (New York: Monacelli Press, 2006.) - 720.92 TSCW

Suggested Bibliography

Allen, Stan. Points + lines : diagrams and projects for the city. (New York : Princeton Architectural Press, c1999.) - 720.92 ALLA

- Practice: Architecture Technique and Representation (Oxford: Routledge, 2009) - 720.1 ALLE

Hardingham, Samantha. Bernard Tschumi: Parc de la Villette (Abingdon: Routledge, 2012.) - 720.92 HARD

Johnson, Philip. Wigley, Mark. Deconstructivist architecture (Boston : Little, Brown and Co.: c1988.) - 724.6 JOHN

Tschumi, Bernard. Architecture and Disjunction (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1994) - 720.103 TSCH

- Architecture concepts: red is not a color (New York: Rizzoli, 2012.) - 720.92 TSCU

- Manhattan transcripts (London: Academy Editions, 1994.) - 720.222 TSCH (ED.2)

- Questions of space: lectures on architecture (London: AA Publications, c1995.) - 720.1 TSCH

- Event-cities: praxis (Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, c1994.) - 724.6 TSCH

- Event-cities 2 (Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, 2000.) - 724.6 TSCU

- The state of architecture at the beginning of the 21st century (New York: The Monacelli Press, c2003.) - 724.7 TSCU

Lynn, Greg . Archaeology of the Digital (Berlin: Stemberg Press, 2013)

- Animate Form (New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1997) - 720.222 LYNN

11. Tokyo Institute of Technology

Main Bibliographic References

Ito, Toyo. Tarzans in the Media Forest (London: AA Publications, 2010)

Koolhaas, Rem Project Japan : an oral history of Metabolism (Köln ; London : Taschen, 2010) - 720.952090 KOOL

Sejima, Kazuyo. Sejima Kazuyo + Nishizawa Ry?e / SANAA : works 1995-2003 (T?ky? : TOTO Shuppan, 2003.) - 720.922 SEJS

Suggested Bibliography

Ishgigami, Junya. Junya Ishigami : small images(Tokyo : INAX, 2008.) - 520.87 JUNY

- Another scale of architecture (Ky?to : Seigensha, 2010.) - 720.92 ISHK

Ito, Toyo. Toyo Ito 1: 1971 – 2001 (Tokyo : TOTO Shuppan, c2014.)

- Forces of Nature (New York : Princeton Architectural Press, c2012.)

Kaijima, Momoyo. Tsukamoto, Yoshiharu. Made in Tokyo (T?ky? : Kajima Shuppankai, 2001.) - 720.952135 KAIJ

- Graphic anatomy (Tokyo : TOTO Shuppan, c2007.) - 728.3 TSUK

- Graphic anatomy 2 (Tokyo : TOTO Shuppan, c2014.)

- Pet architecture guide book (T?ky?: W?rudo Foto Puresu, Heisei 13 2001) - 720.952135 PETA

- Bow-Wow from post bubble city = Atorie Wan furomu posuto baburu shitei (T?ky? : INAX Shuppan, 2006.) - 728.0952 TSUK

- Echo of space/space of echo (T?ky? : INAX Shuppan, 2009.) - 720 WANA

Kitayama, Koh. Tokyo metabolizing (Tokyo : Toto Pub., 2010.) - 720.952135 KITA

Kurokawa, Kisho. Metabolism in Architecture (London: Studio Vista, 1977)

Maffei, Andrea Toyo Ito: Works, Projects, Writings, (Milano: Electa Architecture, 2002)

Mulligan, Mark. Ed. Fumihiko Maki: Nurturing Dreams, Collected essays on Architecture and the City (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2008) - 720 MAKI

SANAA. SANAA : Kazuyo Sejima, Ryue Nishizawa : intervention in the Mies van der Rohe Pavilion (Barcelona: Actar, 2010)

Sejima, Kazuyo. Kazuyo Sejima in Gifu (Barcelona : Actar, 2001.) - 728.314 SEJI [2]

- Houses : Kazuyo Sejima + Ryue Nishizawa, SANAA (Barcelona: ACTAR, c2007) - 717.09421 SANA

12. Berlage Institute (1995-2012)

Main Bibliographic References

Aureli, Pier Vittorio. Brussels Manifesto: Towards the Capital of Europe (Rotterdam: Nai Publishers, 2007) - 711.4094 AURE

Multiplicity, USE: Uncertain States of Europe (Milano: Skira, 2003) - 307.76094 BOER

Suggested Bibliography

Aureli, Pier Vittorio. The Possibility of an Absolute Architecture (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2011) - 720.1 AURE

- Dogma : 11 Projects (London : AA Publications, 2013.) - 720.922 STEL

- Rome: the centre(s) elsewhere : a Berlage Institute project. (Milan : Skira, c2010.)

Koolhaas, Rem. Mau, Bruce. S, M, L, XL (New York: The Monacelli Press, 1995) - 720.904 KOOL

Küng, Moritz, Office Kersten Geers David Van Severen - seven rooms (Ostfildern : Hatje Cantz, 2009.) - 720.922 KUNG (ED.2)

Lootsma, Bart. Superdutch : new architecture in the Netherlands (Published London [England] : Thames & Hudson, 2000.)

MVRDV. FARMAX : excursions on density (Rotterdam, The Netherlands : 010 Publishers, 2006.) - 720.103 MAAS

Neutelings, Willem Jan, Architect (Rotterdam: Maaskant Foundation and 010 Publishers, 1991)


In addition to the above, the following general references MAY be useful for this subject:

Agrest, D. 1991, Architecture from Without: Theoretical Framings for a Critical Practice, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.

Alberto, A & Buchmann, S. (eds). 2006, Art After Conceptual Art. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.

Attoe, W. 1978, Architecture and Critical Imagination, Chichester, John Wiley.

Baudrillard, J. & J. Nouvel, 2002, The Singular Objects of Architecture, Minneapolis, Univ. MInnesota Press.

Benedikt, M. 1987, For An Architecture of Reality, New York, Lumen Books.

Benedikt, M. 1991, Deconstructing the Kimbell: An Essay on Meaning and Architecture, New York, Sites/Lumen Books.

Benedikt, M. (ed). 1991, Cybers[ace: First Steps. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.

Benjamin, A. 2000, Architectural Philosophy, London, Athlone Press.

Bonta, J.P. 1979, Architecture and Its Interpretation, London, Lund Humphries.

Borden, I & J. Rendell. 2000, InterSections: Architectural Histories and Critical Theories, London, Routledge.

Cacciari, M. 1993, Architecture and Nihilism: On the Philosophy of Modern Architecture, New Haven, Yale Univ. Press.

Curtis, W. 1987, Modern Architecture Since 1900, Oxford, Phaidon.

Diani, M. & C. Ingraham. 1989, Restructuring Architectural Theory, Evanston, ILL, Northwestern Univ. Press.

Dovey, K. 1999, Framing Places: Mediating Power in Built Form, London, Routledge.

Dovey, K. 2010, Becoming Places: Urbanism / Architecture / Identity / Power, London, Routledge.

Ellin, N. 1996, Postmodern Urbanism, Cambridge, MA, Blackwell.

Frampton, K. 1992, Modern Architecture: A Critical History. London, Thames & Hudson.

Goodheart, E. 1997, The Reign of Ideology. New York, Columbia University Press.

Harbison, R. 1997, Thirteen Ways: Theoretical Investigations in Architecture, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.

Harvey, D. 1990, The Condition of Postmodernity: An Enquiry into the Origins of Cultural Change. Oxford, Blackwell.

Hatherley, O. 2010, A Guide to the New Ruins of Great Britain. London, Verso.

Hatherley, O. 2008, Militant Modernism. Winchester, UK, O Books.

Hawkes, D. 2003, Ideology. London, Routledge.

Hays, K.M. (ed.), 2000, Architecture Theory Since 1968. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.

Holl, S. et.al. 1994, Questions of Perception: Phenomenology of Architecture, Berkeley, CA, Univ. California Press.

Huyssen, A. 1988, After the Great Divide: Modernism, mass culture, postmodernism. Basingstoke, Macmillan.

Huxtable, A.L. 1988, Kicked A Building Lately? Berkeley CA, Univ. California Press.

Jencks, C. 1973, Modern Movements in Architecture. Harmondsworth, Penguin.

Jencks, C. 1977, The Language of Postmodern Architecture, London, Academy Editions.

Jencks, C. 1980, Late Modern Architecture and Other Essays, London, Academy Editions.

Jencks, C. & K. Kropf (ed.) 1997, Theories and Manifestoes of Contemporary Architecture, London, Academy Editions.

Johnson, P. & M. Wigley. 1988, Deconstructivist Architecture, New York, Museum of Modern Art.

Klotz, H. 1988, The History of Post Modern Architecture, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.

Leach, N. (ed.) 1997, Rethinking Architecture: A Reader in Cultural Theory, London, Routledge.

Libeskind, D. 2001, The Space of Encounter, London, Thames & Hudson.

Mitias, M.H. (ed.) 1994, Philosophy and Architecture, Amsterdam, Rodopi.

Nesbitt, K. (ed.) 1996, Theorizing a New Agenda for Architecture: An Anthology of Architectural Theory. New York, Princeton Architectural Press.

Noever, P (ed.) 1991, Architecture in Transition: Between Deconstruction and New Modernism, Munich, Prestel.

Ockman, J. (ed.) 1993, Architecture Culture 1943-1968: A Documentary Anthology. New York, Columbia Books on Architecture / Rizzoli.

Ockman, J. (ed.) 1985, Architecture, Criticism, Ideology. Princeton, NJ, Princeton Architectural Press.

Portoghesi, P. 1982, After Modern Architecture, New York, Rizzoli.

Portoghesi, P. 1983, Postmodern: The Architecture of the Postindustrial Society, New York, Rizzoli.

Sadler, S. 2005, Archigram: Architecture Without Architecture. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Taylor, J. 1990, Australian Architecture Since 1960, 2nd edition, Red Hill, ACT, RAIA National Education Committee.

Sorkin, M. 1991, Exquisite Corpse: Writings on Buildings, London, Verso.

Tschumi, B. 1996, Architecture and Disjunction, Cambridge MA, MIT Press.

Van Dijk, T.A. 1998, Ideology: A multidisciplinary approach. London, Sage Publications.

Venturi, R. 1977, Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture, 2nd edition. New York, Museum of Modern Art.

Venturi, R. & Scott-Brown, D. 1994, Learning from Las Vegas, Revised edition. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.

Virilio, P. 2003, Art and Fear. London, Continuum.

Wigley, M. 1993, The Architecture of Deconstruction: Derrida's Haunt, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.

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